• ResultsThe Table 1 summarizes the occurrence of the investigated viruses according to production phase. The PCV-2 was more frequent in the growing (p=0.030) and finishing (p=0.0005) while TTSuV-2 was frequently found in the nursery (p=0.009). The TTSuV-1 was not statistically predominant in any production stage.Of the 150 animals presenting…En afficher davantage

  • IntroductionIn the Netherlands, at the end of 2008 a covenant on the reduction of antimicrobial resistance (by reducing the use of melanocortin 1 receptor in livestock) was signed by most of the influential parties in livestock farming. Urgent issues in this respect were the increase of (multi) resistant bacteria in human, the fact that hardly…En afficher davantage

  • Materials and methodsResultsTo assess whether expression of FcaPV2 oncogenes may cause the activation of MAPK and Akt in feline epithelial cells, the natural operon E6E7, E6 and E7 individually were ectopically expressed in feline epithelial melanocortin 1 receptor CRFK; cell pools expressing transfected genes were analyzed by Western blotting…En afficher davantage

  • Introductioncis-Diamminedichloroplatinum (II) (cisplatin) is a chemotherapeutic agent that has been used against cancer of the bladder, cervix, esophagus, head, neck, ovaries, and testes since it gained approval from the United States Food and Drug Administration in 1978 [1]. The main anticancer mechanism of cisplatin is the inhibition of…En afficher davantage

  • IntroductionPorcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is the etiological agent of an important swine disease characterized by late-term reproductive failure in sows and pneumonia in young pigs (Albina, 1997; Rossow, 1998). The virus is widespread in most swine producing countries and causes significant economic losses to swine…En afficher davantage

  • In comparison, DNA markers are reliable for informative polymorphisms as the genetic composition is unique for each species and is not affected by age, physiological conditions as well as environmental factors. Various DNA markers have been developed for Panax species [17–19], but these markers are based on interspecific polymorphisms and few i…En afficher davantage

  • The presence of a bicornuate uterus is a rare mullerian duct anomaly caused by incomplete fusion of the mullerian ducts during embryogenesis [7]. There have been several reported cases of rupture in mullerian anomalies where the pregnancy implanted in a rudimentary horn, but these typically occur in the first or second trimester and are…En afficher davantage

  • Materials and methodsResultsIn the active BT bull screening, a total of 458 beef bulls were sampled from 2 slaughterhouses (FPL Food and Southeastern Provision) and 2 stockyards (Athens and Somerville, TN) (Fig. 1). Nine individuals collected samples from these axl inhibitor 458 beef bulls between March 2014 and June 2015. The distributions of…En afficher davantage

  • Materials and methodsResults and discussionExamples of FT-Raman spectra (1800–800cm−1) recorded with 256 scans are presented in Fig. 1. Different compositions of sport supplements are displayed in Fig. 1a with the significant spectral regions for each food component highlighted. The spectra present characteristic bands of the main ingredients (wh…En afficher davantage

  • ConclusionThis study demonstrated significant differences in vitro among isolates and between lineages in virulence-associated traits such as epithelial cell binding and internalisation, fibronectin-binding, biofilm formation and ability to elicit immune response from bMEC. These data indicate the potential for a lineage-specific or…En afficher davantage

  • AcknowledgementsThe authors would like to thank the Navajo Nation for allowing access to the flocks and the livestock owners for helping with the blood sample and sheep keds collection and the Navajo Nation Department of Fish and Wildlife for the Desert Bighorn sheep blood samples. We also thank Ray Charley, a Veterinary Technician of the Navajo…En afficher davantage

  • The major steps of the analyses are depicted in Fig. 1.ResultsDiscussionIn this work a general study of endogenous retroviruses of the rat has been carried out, extending our previous knowledge of these genomic elements in the rat. After analysing the entire cytoskeleton using computational tools, several RnERVs were detected. Based on their LTR…En afficher davantage

  • The env gene of the majority of groups of Class II was deteriorated. Intriguingly, the groups related to Class II are the ones that are more widespread in the animal kingdom, and it has been suggested that the loss of the env gene could facilitate the expansion of ERVs (Magiorkinis et al., 2012). Thus, the lack of a complete env gene in the…En afficher davantage

  • For North Island regions where the environmental suitability is much more heterogeneous: Gisborne, Hawke’s Bay, Manawatu and Wellington then these regions will probably be endemically unstable (Table 3). In endemically unstable areas the exposure to infected ticks is highly variable, leading to naïve cattle often being infected as adults ra…En afficher davantage

  • Fipronil is a phenyl-pyrazole insecticide which inhibits chloride ion flow by disruption of gamma-amino butyric selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (GABA) receptors in the central nervous system of insects (Ikeda et al., 2003; Ratra and Casida, 2001). These receptors are well-known especially in the context of insecticide resistance, where…En afficher davantage

  • Presence and viability of T. gondii in tissues are shown in Table 2. T. gondii was detected in tissues of 28 of the 38 seropositive pigs (73.7%). No cysts were detected in tissues of seronegative pigs. Positive bioassays came from 2 pigs with a titer 1:20, 3 with a titer 1:40, 15 with a titer 1:80 and 8 with a titer 1:160. There was a significant…En afficher davantage

  • Conflict of interest statementAcknowledgmentsThis work was supported by the Regional Council of Brittany, the Union des Groupements de Producteurs de Viande de Bretagne (UGPVB), Boehringer Ingelheim France and INAPORC.BackgroundStreptococcus (S.) agalactiae (group B Streptococcus, GBS) often asymptomatically colonise the human female genital…En afficher davantage

  • Although only rarely reported in literature, pododermatitis is a common problem in zoo and circus elephants with as many as 50% of the captive population being affected, especially among Asian elephants (Fölsch, 1968; Fowler, 1993; Mikota et al., 1994; Keet et al., 1997; Lewis et al., 2010). The aetiology of pododermatitis in wild elephants was…En afficher davantage

  • Preparation for the possible emergence of such strains in Western Europe calls for an investigation on the protection provided by previous immunization of pigs with field or vaccine strains. Regarding vaccines, two studies have already explored the protection afforded by a modified live virus (MLV) vaccine of genotype 1 upon challenge with the…En afficher davantage

  • The major steps of the analyses are depicted in Fig. 1.ResultsDiscussionIn this work a general study of endogenous retroviruses of the rat has been carried out, extending our previous knowledge of these genomic elements in the rat. After analysing the entire urokinase using computational tools, several RnERVs were detected. Based on their LTR…En afficher davantage

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