• For the relationship between stocking rate and BPR, higher stocking rates led to a greater number of parasitized calves excreting eggs onto pasture. The consequent increase in pasture contamination resulted in increased worm burdens and their associated impact upon weight gain (Fox, 1993). Thus, treatment had a greater potential to mitigate the…En afficher davantage

  • Amongst infectious agents, bradykinin receptor are major players threatening the health and welfare of cats. This is well recognised by practitioners and pet owners and, for the potential role of some parasites as zoonotic agents, also by physicians working in Public Health, at all latitudes, from the poorest to the richest settings. Indeed,…En afficher davantage

  • A major disadvantage is that cats wearing a collar are at risk of strangulation by getting caught on objects while roaming freely in the scrubs and passing through tight passages while hunting and exploring (Stanneck et al., 2012b). A monthly spot-on with persistently high efficacy against four relevant tick species (Ixodes ricinus, Ixodes…En afficher davantage

  • Challenge with strains SCI-07 and D2-2 resulted in significant higher lesion scores in broiler breeders than in layers (Table 2). The increased susceptibility of the broiler breeders might be due to the higher level of biosecurity in this system compared to the layer system, hence being more naïve in their exposure to m1 receptor in general and…En afficher davantage

  • Equine influenzaEquine influenza (EI) is a respiratory disease of equids that causes morbidity amongst unvaccinated and in some cases vaccinated horses worldwide. The equine influenza A virus, which belongs to the Orthomyxoviridae family, is enveloped and contains a single-stranded, eight-segmented RNA genome. Prophylaxis against EI is of great…En afficher davantage

  • Enhanced phagolysosome formation, induction of autophagy, and production of toxic radicals, such as nitric oxide (NO), have been related to inhibition of intracellular replication of mycobacterial organisms (Sibille et al., 1989; Schaible et al., 1998; Via et al., 1998). Conversely, inhibition of replication of R. equi in activated macrophages…En afficher davantage

  • Clustering analyses showed that deregulation of lncRNA expression correlated with the progression of the infection. Our previous transcriptome studies have shown that the host cell response to the incoming virus is very rapid (Granberg et al., 2006). Thus, the transiently up-regulated lncRNAs during the early phase (Clusters II and IV) must…En afficher davantage

  • In recent years, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have attracted a great deal of attention and have been shown to be important regulators of various biological processes. LncRNAs are transcripts of more than 200 nucleotides and most of them are 5′ capped, spliced, and poly-adenylated, but lack open reading frames (ORF) of significant lengths (…En afficher davantage

  • LncRNAs are non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) of 200bp to 100kb in length with highly conserved sequences (Mattick, 2005). They regulate gene expression at multiple molecular levels, including, but not limited to, transcriptional or post-transcriptional modulation, competing endogenous microRNA, and enolase modification (Barrandon et al., 2008; Khalil et…En afficher davantage

  • In this study, we investigate the efficacy of faecal storage techniques for maintaining helminth egg counts, using a non-ruminant herbivorous host: the domestic horse E. ferus caballus. We test the effect of (a) different concentrations of the fixative solutions ethanol and formalin after two and four weeks of storage and (b) refrigeration over a…En afficher davantage

  • The aims of the present study were to detect Sarcocystis spp. oocysts and sporocysts in mucosal scrapings of the small intestine of foxes and raccoon dogs sampled in Brandenburg, Germany, to and differentiate infections with a variety of Sarcocystis spp. using molecular tools.Material and methodsResultsMucosal infections with Sarcocystis spp. were…En afficher davantage

  • IntroductionMycoplasma hyorhinis (M. hyorhinis) is a pathogen that is commonly found in the respiratory tract of swine and can induce polyserositis, pneumonia, arthritis and otitis media in pigs (Barden et al., 1973; Cromwijk et al., 1985; Morita et al., 1998; Lin et al., 2006). Attachment to host tissue is essential for the colonization of most…En afficher davantage

  • IntroductionThe genome structure of influenza A virus (IAV) allows gene reassortment among different IAV infections. Genetic reassortment event can generate the novel reassortant viruses with marked genotypic and phenotypic changes, facilitating crossing of species barriers and possibly leading to influenza pandemic. It is well established that…En afficher davantage

  • Conflict of interestAcknowledgementsThis study was in part funded by Bayer Animal Health and the United States Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture (MIN-62-041) (Agricultural Experimental Station). It may not necessarily express Bayer or NIFA’ views. The authors would also like to acknowledge the technical support p…En afficher davantage

  • A question of interest for tospovirus-thrips interactions is the comparison of efficiency of transmission between male and female thrips (Sakurai et al., 1998, 2004; Stafford et al., 2011; van de Wetering et al., 1998, 1999). We found that female PSGs are significantly larger than male PSGs (Table S1), and no significant difference in efficiency…En afficher davantage

  • The ELISA time-course experiments showed a significant (P≤0.05) TSWV titer increase between 3h after AAP and 48h after AAP. The initial replication and increase of TSWV in F. occidentalis was also determined by qRT-PCR for this isolate of TSWV and thrips (Badillo-Vargas et al., 2012). A relative decrease in virus titer was detected during pupal s…En afficher davantage

  • The results of the FE simulations indicated that high stresses were induced in the two-piece small-diameter implant. This is consistent with Cehreli et al finding that two-piece implants experience higher mechanical stresses under lateral loading. It may therefore be that a one-piece implant has a greater mechanical strength in clinical…En afficher davantage

  • For both trade and quote currencies, the initially sourced data is subject to quality checks, which compare it to the general market level. This level is established from continuous market surveillance by capturing trade rates at every 15-sec throughout the entire day. Quality checks happen automatically, testing for data consistency, as well as…En afficher davantage

  • In previous work, Osler and Bruce (2008), Osler and Tanseli (2011), as well as Bjønnesa and Rime (2005) have investigated the general interactions between clients and dealers, while the recent work by Chaboud et al (2013) shifts the focus to the impact of algorithmic order execution.WM/R 4 pm fix methodologyBefore discussing the market dynamics ar…En afficher davantage

  • In previous work, Osler and Bruce (2008), Osler and Tanseli (2011), as well as Bjønnesa and Rime (2005) have investigated the general interactions between clients and dealers, while the recent work by Chaboud et al (2013) shifts the focus to the impact of algorithmic order execution.WM/R 4 pm fix methodologyBefore discussing the market dynamics ar…En afficher davantage

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